Can the Death Penalty Prevent crime in the United States?

Death penalty - electric chairDoes the death penalty prevent crime? This question is asked again and again in the United States. Opposition to capital punishment has gained considerable momentum across the nation in recent years. In some states, executions have been suspended de facto due to technical reasons and moral considerations. Many claim that the United States should follow a large number of Western countries and abolish the death penalty.

Capital punishment deters crime

Several academic studies conducted over the past decade but have not gained adequate attention in the media indicate that the death penalty prevents crime by deterring criminals from committing serious offenses, mainly murder. The findings are clear: on average, every execution prevents 18 murders. The abolishment of executions in Illinois in 2011 led to 150 additional homicides over the next four years.

If we check the number of murders reported in each state and compare them to the number of executions in recent years (taking into account other factors, such as unemployment, and income per person), the results are clear, the higher the number of executions, the lower murder rate becomes.

The other side of the coin

The opponents of death penalty claim that executions do not deter criminals from committing homicide. Besides, the death penalty is very expensive. Between 1978 and 2012, for example, capital punishment in California cost more than four billion dollars – about half to cover court costs, a billion and a half for various appeals, and another billion dollars were needed for housing inmates on death row.

The moral price is also heavy. The fact that a person took life does not give the government the right to take life as well, even when it comes to mass murderers and terrorists, such as Osama bin Laden. Governments are obligated to act morally more than individuals.

Andrew Clay

Andrew Clay: Senior Writer at
Andrew Clay, aged 65, is the leading voice and main writer at His journey is
marked by a lifelong dedication to combating crime, both in his earlier career and in his current role.
A retired police officer with a degree in law, Andrew's experience spans decades of active service on
the streets, where he bravely risked his own safety for the protection of his community.
Transitioning from physical law enforcement to a focus on research and education, Andrew
continues his fight against crime through a different medium. His work now revolves around
conducting thorough research and disseminating knowledge about crime prevention. Andrew
believes firmly that understanding crime is the cornerstone of effectively preventing it. His writings
reflect this philosophy, offering insights into the mechanics of criminal behavior and strategies for its
As a prominent member of's Crime Coalition Prevention, Andrew contributes
significantly to the organization's mission. His enthusiasm for crime issues is deeply rooted in the
belief that comprehending the nuances of crime is essential for effective prevention.
Residing in Charlotte, North Carolina, Andrew's life is enriched by his family. He is married to his
sweetheart, Lora, for an amazing 33 years. Together, they have three children and five
grandchildren. His personal experiences as a family man and community protector deeply influence
his perspectives and dedication to public safety. Andrew's work at is not just a
profession; it's a continuation of his commitment to making society a safer place for current and
future generations.

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